Students working at a computer with headshot of article author, Heather Cacioppo and n2y logo overlaid; caption reads,

Differentiated Instruction through Leveled Curriculum with n2y featuring Heather Cacioppo

best special education resources differentiation iep goals iep meetings iep resources iep table iep teams individualized needs n2y online special education resources resources for special education teachers scaffolding special education solutions student growth successful iep meetings tips for iep meetings Jun 10, 2022

Meeting the individual needs of every student in your classroom can be a daunting task for teachers. That’s exactly why we asked Master IEP Coach®, Heather, to share how she meets her students' unique needs in her classroom.

Heather Cacioppo has a Master’s degree in Curriculum and Instruction with a focus in Teacher Leadership. She has been a special education teacher in Illinois for the past 8 years and has primarily taught in self-contained classroom settings for middle school and high school aged students. As a self-contained special education teacher, Heather knows a thing or two about having to differentiate her instruction to meet the variety of needs in her classroom. So what is differentiated instruction?

Why is Differentiation Important?

The purpose of differentiation is to lift the performance of all students, including those who are falling behind and those ahead in their education. Differentiation benefits students across the learning continuum, including students who are highly able and gifted.

It is important that differentiation is used to meet the students where they are at and continue to give them the confidence they need to excel through the lessons and units. The teacher provides tools or resources that students need to be most successful. 

Heather really enjoys the variety of levels and supports that come with the n2y Curriculum. This curriculum has made it easier for her to differentiate instruction by supporting students that are working on picture recognition, sight word reading, and all the way through reading paragraphs. Comprehension skills are also modified in such a way that all students can access the lesson and monthly units and be successful in their own personal goals.  

“This is why teaching with differentiation is so important. We want ALL of our students to succeed at similar paces and we, as teachers, need to give students the modifications that they truly need to access the material,” said Heather.   

What Makes Effective Differentiation?

Teachers who differentiate effectively need to pinpoint what students currently know, what they are ready to learn next, and when. 

Data tells teachers to plan a variety of learning pathways so that all students can be successful. Student data can also identify gaps in knowledge and skills that can be used for learning interventions. 

As a self-contained teacher, Heather uses n2y Curriculum to track data on Reading and Mathematics content and knowledge. Each skill can be monitored through a benchmarking system within the leveled and differentiated curriculum. This leveled benchmarking helps teachers make educational decisions about the levels and supports that their students need. 

Data sources aren’t always just numbers and grades.  Sometimes, data will include observations in the classroom, formative assessments, and feedback from students and their parents or caregivers. Throughout all of this data tracking, a teacher will be able to make appropriate decisions on how to differentiate instruction. 

Tools for Differentiating

You can differentiate instruction across four main areas: content, process, product, and environment. To differentiate content, teachers consider the objective of a lesson, then provide students with flexible options about the content they study to meet the objective.

With process differentiation, teachers differentiate how students learn. Grouping students based on their individual levels is one way to accomplish process differentiation. Another is varying the way concepts are taught: through visual, auditory, or kinesthetic lessons. n2y has a leveled system where students are grouped into Level 1, Level 2, or Level 3 based on their unique abilities - it makes grouping students so easy!

Product differentiation are the types of assignments students create. For example, a teacher might ask students to explain a concept, but the final product could be a written report, a story, a song, a speech, or an art project. Allowing choices empowers students to use their strengths and interests to show mastery of a skill!  Varying the types of assessments you give students is also an example of product differentiation. Within its programming, n2y has a variety of assessment tools that allow students to copy and paste answers, circle the correct answer, fill in the blank, or match.​​​ This allows differentiation for many students to access similar reading materials and show their comprehension at their individual levels.   

Let’s not forget about the classroom environment: it also affects learning! Changing physical things in the classroom, like how desks are set up or arranged, or where students can sit, serves as classroom environment differentiation. Consider changing things up for your students by using flexible seating or sit/stand desks. 

When in a reading class, a teacher may use a variety of leveled readers to help support all the students in the classroom. Meeting the students at their reading level helps all the students access the curriculum at their own pace and ability. n2y has a comprehensive leveled reader library of nonfiction and fiction books that pair well with grade-level standards. This has been an easy way that Heather has provided differentiation to her caseload of students.

Check out some of n2y’s programs: 

Total Solutions - Differentiated instructional system

Unique Learning System - designed specifically to help students with special learning needs master their state’s extended standards

Polaris - Collaborative system for IEP development and implementation

Through differentiated instruction, all students have been able to excel in Heather’s classroom and many other classrooms around the world. Differentiation gives people the tools they need to be successful and reach their full potential at their own pace.  Let’s continue to make the world a better place by allowing all to access the materials they need at their own level!

Connect with Heather: 

Heather specializes in Curriculum and Instruction and is a special education teacher mentor. She currently teaches middle school and has taught in Illinois for 8 years. She helps self-contained special education teachers with individualized and personalized support to make self-assured educational decisions so that you can avoid the stress, overwhelm and burnout in this field. She believes special education teachers are better together!

Connect with Heather Here 

Find Heather in the Master IEP Coach® Directory Here





Write Better IEP Goals. Reduce IEP Conflict.

Learn More About Becoming a Master IEP Coach®